Tuesday, August 11, 2009

Celestron Digital Microscope #44302 for Linux

I got a new toy recently, the Celestron Digital Microscope (#44302) to help with microelectronics and support my learning with gardening.

I'm currently trying to configure a Linux driver for this device which seems to follow the Universal Video System (UVS) standard. The vendor and device ID was not registered with linux-usb.org, so I submitted the patch to add the device.

For anyone curious, the output of lsusb follows:


output of `lsusb -v` for Celestron Digital Microscope #44302


Bus 001 Device 006: ID 19b4:0101
Device Descriptor:
bLength 18
bDescriptorType 1
bcdUSB 2.00
bDeviceClass 239 Miscellaneous Device
bDeviceSubClass 2 ?
bDeviceProtocol 1 Interface Association
bMaxPacketSize0 64
idVendor 0x19b4
idProduct 0x0101
bcdDevice 1.00
iManufacturer 2 Celestron Digital Microscope
iProduct 1 Celestron Digital Microscope
iSerial 3 Celestron Digital Microscope
bNumConfigurations 1
Configuration Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 2
wTotalLength 653
bNumInterfaces 2
bConfigurationValue 1
iConfiguration 0
bmAttributes 0x80
(Bus Powered)
MaxPower 98mA
Interface Association:
bLength 8
bDescriptorType 11
bFirstInterface 0
bInterfaceCount 2
bFunctionClass 14 Video
bFunctionSubClass 3 Video Interface Collection
bFunctionProtocol 0
iFunction 1 Celestron Digital Microscope
Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 4
bInterfaceNumber 0
bAlternateSetting 0
bNumEndpoints 1
bInterfaceClass 14 Video
bInterfaceSubClass 1 Video Control
bInterfaceProtocol 0
iInterface 1 Celestron Digital Microscope
VideoControl Interface Descriptor:
bLength 13
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 1 (HEADER)
bcdUVC 1.00
wTotalLength 103
dwClockFrequency 15.000000MHz
bInCollection 1
baInterfaceNr( 0) 1
VideoControl Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 3 (OUTPUT_TERMINAL)
bTerminalID 2
wTerminalType 0x0101 USB Streaming
bAssocTerminal 0
bSourceID 5
iTerminal 0
VideoControl Interface Descriptor:
bLength 26
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 6 (EXTENSION_UNIT)
bUnitID 4
guidExtensionCode {7033f028-1163-2e4a-ba2c-6890eb334016}
bNumControl 8
bNrPins 1
baSourceID( 0) 3
bControlSize 1
bmControls( 0) 0x2f
iExtension 0
VideoControl Interface Descriptor:
bLength 26
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 6 (EXTENSION_UNIT)
bUnitID 5
guidExtensionCode {3fae1228-d7bc-114e-a357-6f1edef7d61d}
bNumControl 8
bNrPins 1
baSourceID( 0) 4
bControlSize 1
bmControls( 0) 0x00
iExtension 0
VideoControl Interface Descriptor:
bLength 18
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 2 (INPUT_TERMINAL)
bTerminalID 1
wTerminalType 0x0201 Camera Sensor
bAssocTerminal 0
iTerminal 0
wObjectiveFocalLengthMin 0
wObjectiveFocalLengthMax 0
wOcularFocalLength 0
bControlSize 3
bmControls 0x0000000e
Auto-Exposure Mode
Auto-Exposure Priority
Exposure Time (Absolute)
VideoControl Interface Descriptor:
bLength 11
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 5 (PROCESSING_UNIT)
Warning: Descriptor too short
bUnitID 3
bSourceID 1
wMaxMultiplier 0
bControlSize 2
bmControls 0x0000053f
Brightness
Contrast
Hue
Saturation
Sharpness
Gamma
Backlight Compensation
Power Line Frequency
iProcessing 0
bmVideoStandards 0x 0
Endpoint Descriptor:
bLength 7
bDescriptorType 5
bEndpointAddress 0x83 EP 3 IN
bmAttributes 3
Transfer Type Interrupt
Synch Type None
Usage Type Data
wMaxPacketSize 0x0010 1x 16 bytes
bInterval 6
Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 4
bInterfaceNumber 1
bAlternateSetting 0
bNumEndpoints 0
bInterfaceClass 14 Video
bInterfaceSubClass 2 Video Streaming
bInterfaceProtocol 0
iInterface 0
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 14
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 1 (INPUT_HEADER)
bNumFormats 1
wTotalLength 407
bEndPointAddress 129
bmInfo 0
bTerminalLink 2
bStillCaptureMethod 2
bTriggerSupport 1
bTriggerUsage 0
bControlSize 1
bmaControls( 0) 27
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 27
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 4 (FORMAT_UNCOMPRESSED)
bFormatIndex 1
bNumFrameDescriptors 7
guidFormat {59555932-0000-1000-8000-00aa00389b71}
bBitsPerPixel 16
bDefaultFrameIndex 1
bAspectRatioX 0
bAspectRatioY 0
bmInterlaceFlags 0x00
Interlaced stream or variable: No
Fields per frame: 1 fields
Field 1 first: No
Field pattern: Field 1 only
bCopyProtect 0
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 50
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 5 (FRAME_UNCOMPRESSED)
bFrameIndex 1
bmCapabilities 0x00
Still image unsupported
wWidth 640
wHeight 480
dwMinBitRate 614400
dwMaxBitRate 18432000
dwMaxVideoFrameBufferSize 614400
dwDefaultFrameInterval 333333
bFrameIntervalType 6
dwFrameInterval( 0) 333333
dwFrameInterval( 1) 500000
dwFrameInterval( 2) 666666
dwFrameInterval( 3) 1000000
dwFrameInterval( 4) 2000000
dwFrameInterval( 5) 10000000
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 50
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 5 (FRAME_UNCOMPRESSED)
bFrameIndex 2
bmCapabilities 0x00
Still image unsupported
wWidth 352
wHeight 288
dwMinBitRate 202752
dwMaxBitRate 6082560
dwMaxVideoFrameBufferSize 202752
dwDefaultFrameInterval 333333
bFrameIntervalType 6
dwFrameInterval( 0) 333333
dwFrameInterval( 1) 500000
dwFrameInterval( 2) 666666
dwFrameInterval( 3) 1000000
dwFrameInterval( 4) 2000000
dwFrameInterval( 5) 10000000
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 50
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 5 (FRAME_UNCOMPRESSED)
bFrameIndex 3
bmCapabilities 0x00
Still image unsupported
wWidth 320
wHeight 240
dwMinBitRate 153600
dwMaxBitRate 4608000
dwMaxVideoFrameBufferSize 153600
dwDefaultFrameInterval 333333
bFrameIntervalType 6
dwFrameInterval( 0) 333333
dwFrameInterval( 1) 500000
dwFrameInterval( 2) 666666
dwFrameInterval( 3) 1000000
dwFrameInterval( 4) 2000000
dwFrameInterval( 5) 10000000
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 50
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 5 (FRAME_UNCOMPRESSED)
bFrameIndex 4
bmCapabilities 0x00
Still image unsupported
wWidth 176
wHeight 144
dwMinBitRate 50688
dwMaxBitRate 1520640
dwMaxVideoFrameBufferSize 50688
dwDefaultFrameInterval 333333
bFrameIntervalType 6
dwFrameInterval( 0) 333333
dwFrameInterval( 1) 500000
dwFrameInterval( 2) 666666
dwFrameInterval( 3) 1000000
dwFrameInterval( 4) 2000000
dwFrameInterval( 5) 10000000
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 50
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 5 (FRAME_UNCOMPRESSED)
bFrameIndex 5
bmCapabilities 0x00
Still image unsupported
wWidth 160
wHeight 120
dwMinBitRate 38400
dwMaxBitRate 1152000
dwMaxVideoFrameBufferSize 38400
dwDefaultFrameInterval 333333
bFrameIntervalType 6
dwFrameInterval( 0) 333333
dwFrameInterval( 1) 500000
dwFrameInterval( 2) 666666
dwFrameInterval( 3) 1000000
dwFrameInterval( 4) 2000000
dwFrameInterval( 5) 10000000
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 38
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 5 (FRAME_UNCOMPRESSED)
bFrameIndex 6
bmCapabilities 0x00
Still image unsupported
wWidth 1280
wHeight 960
dwMinBitRate 2457600
dwMaxBitRate 22118400
dwMaxVideoFrameBufferSize 2457600
dwDefaultFrameInterval 1111111
bFrameIntervalType 3
dwFrameInterval( 0) 1111111
dwFrameInterval( 1) 2000000
dwFrameInterval( 2) 10000000
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 38
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 5 (FRAME_UNCOMPRESSED)
bFrameIndex 7
bmCapabilities 0x00
Still image unsupported
wWidth 1280
wHeight 1024
dwMinBitRate 2621440
dwMaxBitRate 23592960
dwMaxVideoFrameBufferSize 2621440
dwDefaultFrameInterval 1111111
bFrameIntervalType 3
dwFrameInterval( 0) 1111111
dwFrameInterval( 1) 2000000
dwFrameInterval( 2) 10000000
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 34
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 3 (STILL_IMAGE_FRAME)
bEndpointAddress 0
bNumImageSizePatterns 7
wWidth( 0) 1280
wHeight( 0) 1024
wWidth( 1) 1280
wHeight( 1) 960
wWidth( 2) 640
wHeight( 2) 480
wWidth( 3) 352
wHeight( 3) 288
wWidth( 4) 320
wHeight( 4) 240
wWidth( 5) 176
wHeight( 5) 144
wWidth( 6) 160
wHeight( 6) 120
bNumCompressionPatterns 7
VideoStreaming Interface Descriptor:
bLength 6
bDescriptorType 36
bDescriptorSubtype 13 (COLORFORMAT)
bColorPrimaries 1 (BT.709,sRGB)
bTransferCharacteristics 1 (BT.709)
bMatrixCoefficients 4 (SMPTE 170M (BT.601))
Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 4
bInterfaceNumber 1
bAlternateSetting 1
bNumEndpoints 1
bInterfaceClass 14 Video
bInterfaceSubClass 2 Video Streaming
bInterfaceProtocol 0
iInterface 0
Endpoint Descriptor:
bLength 7
bDescriptorType 5
bEndpointAddress 0x81 EP 1 IN
bmAttributes 5
Transfer Type Isochronous
Synch Type Asynchronous
Usage Type Data
wMaxPacketSize 0x0080 1x 128 bytes
bInterval 1
Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 4
bInterfaceNumber 1
bAlternateSetting 2
bNumEndpoints 1
bInterfaceClass 14 Video
bInterfaceSubClass 2 Video Streaming
bInterfaceProtocol 0
iInterface 0
Endpoint Descriptor:
bLength 7
bDescriptorType 5
bEndpointAddress 0x81 EP 1 IN
bmAttributes 5
Transfer Type Isochronous
Synch Type Asynchronous
Usage Type Data
wMaxPacketSize 0x0100 1x 256 bytes
bInterval 1
Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 4
bInterfaceNumber 1
bAlternateSetting 3
bNumEndpoints 1
bInterfaceClass 14 Video
bInterfaceSubClass 2 Video Streaming
bInterfaceProtocol 0
iInterface 0
Endpoint Descriptor:
bLength 7
bDescriptorType 5
bEndpointAddress 0x81 EP 1 IN
bmAttributes 5
Transfer Type Isochronous
Synch Type Asynchronous
Usage Type Data
wMaxPacketSize 0x0320 1x 800 bytes
bInterval 1
Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 4
bInterfaceNumber 1
bAlternateSetting 4
bNumEndpoints 1
bInterfaceClass 14 Video
bInterfaceSubClass 2 Video Streaming
bInterfaceProtocol 0
iInterface 0
Endpoint Descriptor:
bLength 7
bDescriptorType 5
bEndpointAddress 0x81 EP 1 IN
bmAttributes 5
Transfer Type Isochronous
Synch Type Asynchronous
Usage Type Data
wMaxPacketSize 0x0b20 2x 800 bytes
bInterval 1
Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 4
bInterfaceNumber 1
bAlternateSetting 5
bNumEndpoints 1
bInterfaceClass 14 Video
bInterfaceSubClass 2 Video Streaming
bInterfaceProtocol 0
iInterface 0
Endpoint Descriptor:
bLength 7
bDescriptorType 5
bEndpointAddress 0x81 EP 1 IN
bmAttributes 5
Transfer Type Isochronous
Synch Type Asynchronous
Usage Type Data
wMaxPacketSize 0x1320 3x 800 bytes
bInterval 1
Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 4
bInterfaceNumber 1
bAlternateSetting 6
bNumEndpoints 1
bInterfaceClass 14 Video
bInterfaceSubClass 2 Video Streaming
bInterfaceProtocol 0
iInterface 0
Endpoint Descriptor:
bLength 7
bDescriptorType 5
bEndpointAddress 0x81 EP 1 IN
bmAttributes 5
Transfer Type Isochronous
Synch Type Asynchronous
Usage Type Data
wMaxPacketSize 0x1400 3x 1024 bytes
bInterval 1
Device Qualifier (for other device speed):
bLength 10
bDescriptorType 6
bcdUSB 2.00
bDeviceClass 239 Miscellaneous Device
bDeviceSubClass 2 ?
bDeviceProtocol 1 Interface Association
bMaxPacketSize0 64
bNumConfigurations 1
Device Status: 0x0000
(Bus Powered)

Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
Device Descriptor:
bLength 18
bDescriptorType 1
bcdUSB 2.00
bDeviceClass 9 Hub
bDeviceSubClass 0 Unused
bDeviceProtocol 0 Full speed (or root) hub
bMaxPacketSize0 64
idVendor 0x1d6b Linux Foundation
idProduct 0x0002 2.0 root hub
bcdDevice 2.06
iManufacturer 3 Linux 2.6.30-gentoo-r3.core2.sj1 ehci_hcd
iProduct 2 EHCI Host Controller
iSerial 1 0000:00:1d.7
bNumConfigurations 1
Configuration Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 2
wTotalLength 25
bNumInterfaces 1
bConfigurationValue 1
iConfiguration 0
bmAttributes 0xe0
Self Powered
Remote Wakeup
MaxPower 0mA
Interface Descriptor:
bLength 9
bDescriptorType 4
bInterfaceNumber 0
bAlternateSetting 0
bNumEndpoints 1
bInterfaceClass 9 Hub
bInterfaceSubClass 0 Unused
bInterfaceProtocol 0 Full speed (or root) hub
iInterface 0
Endpoint Descriptor:
bLength 7
bDescriptorType 5
bEndpointAddress 0x81 EP 1 IN
bmAttributes 3
Transfer Type Interrupt
Synch Type None
Usage Type Data
wMaxPacketSize 0x0004 1x 4 bytes
bInterval 12
Hub Descriptor:
bLength 11
bDescriptorType 41
nNbrPorts 8
wHubCharacteristic 0x000a
No power switching (usb 1.0)
Per-port overcurrent protection
bPwrOn2PwrGood 10 * 2 milli seconds
bHubContrCurrent 0 milli Ampere
DeviceRemovable 0x00 0x00
PortPwrCtrlMask 0xff 0xff
Hub Port Status:
Port 1: 0000.0503 highspeed power enable connect
Port 2: 0000.0100 power
Port 3: 0000.0100 power
Port 4: 0000.0100 power
Port 5: 0000.0100 power
Port 6: 0000.0100 power
Port 7: 0000.0100 power
Port 8: 0000.0100 power
Device Status: 0x0003
Self Powered
Remote Wakeup Enabled

6 comments:

  1. Followup -- I got a reply from Celestron saying the chipset is proprietary, and they would not release any technical details.

    I've been using the Windows software, which seems to work well. I may revisit the Linux Celestron driver sometime in the future.

    -Scott

    ReplyDelete
  2. Considering this stereo binocular scope for my son who enjoys identifying plants (college/research level) :Celestron 44202 Advanced Stereo Microscope. Any experience with it or opinion on it over the digital scope you have used from Celestron? Now that you have had your scope for a while, how do you like it?

    ReplyDelete
  3. So far, I like it. I've used it several times for microelectronics to identify small components, and some gardening to identify and take pictures of plants, insects and especially some of the diseases I've found on my plants.

    To compare the Celestron 44202 and 44302 I would say...

    Celestron 44202 has binocular vision, better for 3D visual but it's limited to 40x magnification. It seems like bottom lighting is useful for slides. It doesn't seem to support USB computer imaging.

    Celestron 44302 has single camera, USB only vision (no eye piece) max 200x magnification. Only white LED lights from the top, so it's not usable with slides. I also found that the Linux UVC video driver will support it, so I'm happy with that.

    ReplyDelete
  4. So were you trying to output to a Linux camera?

    ReplyDelete
  5. I'm looking for an inexpensive USB magnifying camera to examine edges of various metals and processes wrt sharpening quality for cutlery. Do you think the 44302 would work well for this application? Thanks!
    -john

    ReplyDelete
  6. @covert - I was trying to hook this camera device to my Gentoo Linux workstation. I'm not sure I understand your question about output *to* a camera?

    @Dr John - I think it would work pretty well. I'll post more information and photos taken with this microscope camera.

    ReplyDelete